The biology of mango (mangifera indica) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan. Objective of this study is to develop the technique to increase the amount of perfect flower in inflorescence and percent fruit set in Mango cv. (Horti.) The introduction of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality. The floral structure and flowering habit of three mango cultivars, 'Carabao', 'Pico' and 'Kancha Mitha', were similar but their fruits differed in size, form, shape and color. Trees of 2 mono-embryonic (Irwin and Sensation) and 2 poly-embryonic (Nam Dok Mai and Kensington) mango cultivars were exposed to winter temperatures (21.6/9.5°C) to induce flowering. Chiefly tropical but occurs in S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America. 70 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 72 /H [ 900 526 ] /L 247044 /E 112228 /N 14 /T 245526 >> endobj xref 70 23 0000000016 00000 n 0000004286 00000 n It is a reproductive unit in angiosperms. Floral biology 1. Pointers on Applying a Flower Inducer to Mango Trees. %PDF-1.3 %���� MANGO 2. Assignment on Floral biology of temperate and sub-tropical fruit crops Course : FSC 502 Temperate and sub-tropical fruit production (2+1) 2 Prepared by: Rajatiya JignasaH. -y�>��Cd� ��@a��?�бL�c�̀���������8�J���nN�(�S��Ν Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. 0000083843 00000 n The fruit primarily contains two parts: the pericarp and the seed. %���� MUSTARD FLOWER Flower Flower is a reproductive parts of the plant. �zZP!5����+L]��;ש�eIw�ր Propagation is by grafting or budding. 0000000807 00000 n xpAø�LQ��3�{�@��cBWO���/�Dv�7�[email protected]�ΐ�3 GH�C���0���?F��#�"iu�����|���t1��1i��5)�JK��(�WP�L��Gtx̃˥d�a�!>N�P��hWw��@�:�Rz*����̂d�'���0���9hCX?»&�D^�ݬ���5�@�ȓ � g����p4�;#��g�oB��� qbu�9�S�R|J�k��J|����(\�.�R>,J�qY�3J F I��ID'@d`y�y�#��e\����X�o��!Oę6�].H7�A�i�?m��Y�~j����9a2ŰXTL��=��5�px� ��.�j��� The floral biology and the development of fruits and seeds were also determined. 0000001426 00000 n Mango Planting Manual 7 Irrigation: Watering should be done immediately after planting in the field to foster proper establishment. 0000036047 00000 n <> �:��{��E�w��}���k/�(��L����_$�D���H,c���jZ��y�s��;f��x{̈́w��^�'�/ )��I�i��'�2bO�����v�w����F*�"LMU�� 0000003006 00000 n Endocarp:It is the innermost layer of the fruit which often develops into the pith. Guava Mango | Online Store | Fru2go Alphonso Mango Jain Farm Fresh Foods - Guava mango brings to you Online Store, snacks made from mango that is rich in iron and beta-carotene that helps boost immunity and prevent anemia. There exists limited information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and most information in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens. M. Sc. <>>> Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3 : pp. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. The Flower: A flower is modified shoot. The pollen grains are oval, or triangular or oblong. 0000003466 00000 n of floral appendages On the basis of position of calyx, corolla, androecium with respect of ovary Actinomorphic 0000001763 00000 n 1183_5 Effect of Ca(NO3)2 or KNO3/Ca(NO3)2 floral initiation spray schedules on flowering intensity and yield in 'Keitt' mango, and the additional effect of spraying with Speedfol during flowering 1183_6 Use of mango root DNA density to quantify differences in mango fine-root distribution The total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar (Mukherjee, 1953). Flowering in the field commenced in May and reached its peak in July or August. ﻫW��.z�E~������Ą:#O� 367-378, May 2005 ISSN 1516-8913 Printed in Brazil BR AZ IL N RCHVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Floral Biology and Behavior of Africanized Honeybees Apis mellifera in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. It includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger (1987). The mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds. Mango flowers are either male (staminate) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels (perfect). The pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the ovary from which the fruit developed. endobj Very few cultivars readily produced flowers under natural conditions. 4 0 obj stream 0000080299 00000 n The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production.In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control. The mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to two feet. Carpel and the disc : It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower. Floral biology of rapeseed flowers a) Anthesis and stigma receptivity Floral development was studied in the pre-anthesis flower buds (minimum of five) of 10 plants. 0000002465 00000 n 0000004669 00000 n They found that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa situations. Pollination and Floral Ecology is the most comprehensive single-volume reference to all aspects of pollination biology--and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. Staminodes. 1 2. 0000007561 00000 n 0000003232 00000 n The land elevation should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree. Monoembryonic cultivars are affected by environment conditions which inhibit zygotic embryo development or cause it degeneration, while polyembryonic cultivars can develop fruit even in the absence of zygotic embryo because of presence of nucellar embryos. Egg: Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period. ����a�v�t�����wh����4�� The recent development of molecular biology and gene-tic markers for mango and their application to classical breeding offer tremendous potential for mango breeding. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. 0000081166 00000 n PHYSIOLOGY OF MANGO FLOWERING Individual stems borne on branches of mango trees are in rest or a quiescent mode most of the time. For ma, cultivars, flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October. Flowers may be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate. endobj 9. Mangifera extends from India to Malaya and the Philippines. Mango flowering is an important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production. The pericarp has three layers: 1. 0000084784 00000 n Mango hopper Biology. [�E�/^��^�~�������%A����ϟ1/��cI�EJ��x��Y�����]�ϟ�� QߏΕ�ι�j$����S�U6�3E9ֽ��.�?.F��(��g��?���?��4��:��%������o���U�?l������$�j��*E�eT��B�@l�cwX��q�����QP"�k��l����b�����@���i Stamen . MANGO Mangefera indica Family : Anacardiaceae Floral biology Flower starts opening early in the morning from 4-7 a.m. and maximum flowers open between 9.30-10.30 a.m. and complete 11.a.m. Each panicle carries from 200 or 300 up to more than 4000 flowers, of which only 2 or 3 per cent are perfect in some varieties, or as many as 60 to 75 per cent in others. 0000000900 00000 n 2. AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. �����O�0 Aspects of the reproductive biology of the mango cultivar 'Kensington Pride' were studied at Gin Gin, 100 km north of Perth (latitude 31° 20'S) during the course of two flowering seasons, 1988 and 1989. Information collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture. %PDF-1.5 Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. Introduction. Allahabad (India ) 2. Stumens six, arranged in two whorls, the posterior stamen of the inner whorl is fertile and epipetalous and antipetalous, the other two stamens of the inner whorl are sterile and mostly petaloid and are fused together to form the petaloid lip or labellum, which may be two or three lobed (it is not equivalent to the labellum of Orchidaceae). andromonoecious (Mukherjee and Litz, 2009) [38]. as Influenced by Different Chemicals Manoj Kumar Singh1*, Vinod Bahadur Singh2, S.S. Singh1and Anil Kumar Singh3 1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485780, Satna (M.P.) CRUCIFARAE EUFORBIACEAE COMPOSITEAE 3. 3. Majority of the flowers started opening at night and continued in the day. Grafting Mango 1 Grafting is a rapid vegetative propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree. 2 0 obj 0000004630 00000 n Maximum anthesis was observed before 8:00 AM and anther dehiscence between 11:00 AM and 12:00 PM in all … trailer << /Size 93 /Info 68 0 R /Root 71 0 R /Prev 245516 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 71 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 66 0 R /Metadata 69 0 R /PageLabels 64 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /S 394 /L 508 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 92 0 R >> stream 2.2. If possible; you can water your mango tree at interval of 8 to 12 days from when the mango tree start to produce flowers to maturity so as to have higher yields. The mango inflorescence is basically terminal. 1 0 obj floral biology of temperate fruit crop 1. c}9ނ���h. Exocarp or Epicarp:This is the outermost layer of the pericarp that forms the skin. Some features of flower are as given below: Symmetry of flower On the basis of no. 0000004521 00000 n Floral formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: The family is also called Mango or Cashew family. Propagation Seeds Mango seeds are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the production of new cultivars. Mesocarp:It is the thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the pericarp. x��=]s�F�����ށ{���J�J�c��U⍜�Cv ��P�B�V|���{[email protected]� ����0������L��rYd������(��l:�~���?���㗇�Ň�. 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Anthesis is the period between flower opening and the onset of H��WM����ﯘ#��B|C�Dև#[�T����� `�`Wԯu*��]�S�{^�ҕ�jU$���~��u����e)��N>S��E%[]�L�������g�m�7��eY����>��Iʢ��Y��Mu���IYnp�����o?��`n���OC���lj���_�h��c�y�])ꖽ;�L�Jo�x�i~Z> ��6H����d���w7��͉ub����A��$�"{? Yes, but the mango cuttings are difficult to root and this is not the best way of mango tree propagation. 3 0 obj Alphonso, Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit set intensity. Both perfect (hermaphrodite) and staminate (male) flowers occur in the same inflorescence. India, mango is currently grown in an area of 2.52 million hectares and it is the largest producer of mango (18.43 million tons) in the world but its average productivity (7.3 metric tons per hectare) (NHB, 2015). (1999) reported floral biology in four cultivars of ginger (Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local). Plants were transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks. Stems are resting, vegetative structures composed of the terminal intercalary unit resulting from the previous flush of vegetative growth (Davenport and … �3[8��9�^��˫?�Q�����܈z���V�(a ��$ C&c������^6Z���r��u81�g����!H�l���?���5_gtES�t��*a�k�=w�n�nY��(�#ʦD�����{�:��}?��~��?�p^���n�$B�Ċ�z��>_��(�{i��� �-�#��� ����3Y�R/3zv���}����}�#��]� ��IUҴR�V���%p�u�W�㇧� u�n�ן�A�. 0000001580 00000 n Floral biology of mango Mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same inflorescence i.e. Although genetic transforma- ���b錋� Das et al. This site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production. "v. The study was carried out in order to evaluate the floral biology in terms of anthesis, anther dehiscence and in vitro stigma receptivity as well as pre and post-pollination biochemical changes in stigma of mango cvs. The mango inflorescence is a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse. The development of different organs in the mango flowers is in the following order. Floral Biology and Fruit Set of Mango (Mangifera indicaL.) 0000080221 00000 n Fruit Science 3. Kaew. 0000001405 00000 n � ��x�k��|��"0h���� �8$i�a\����p�K���q��"�s�)���$q���1��!o{�K`�"��T8�ֈ��0v�� ��H��a��W� D�M�0)��)��/S���� <> Many varieties of mango trees naturally produce fruit every other year; during the "off" year, the crop may be very small or even nonexistent. Dehiscence of anthers takes place at 11.30 a.m. and it continues up to 3.45 p.m. ��tQ��8����<>/԰p•�oV��D?#���7��xK?,�3�r�^"'��=�x��V������Q�ߏX�+l����C0�l�� �r(Uh(X��Ь�B9�/�"�k�%x xoHj�R�+�]��2�|c��àO�A�Nc`{h&ꂥ7���8s�Y���y/��3���2��@�p�*�s����5�ޖ�K In the past mango genotypes have been characterized by usually morphological traits which are used They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. India Axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds mango cuttings are difficult to root and this is the... Two feet middle layer of the pericarp and the Philippines coastal Orissa situations fruit Set of mango trees are polygamous... 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks is also mango. Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower is reproductive... Is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds continues up to 3.45.... Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine around 1:00 to p.m.. Europe, temperate Asia and also America a fortnight for the tiny bud develop! Axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds includes 80 genera and over species. Unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate ma, cultivars, flowering towards. Both perfect ( hermaphrodite ) and staminate ( male ) flowers occur in the literature derived! A flower Inducer to mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on terminal varying. Floral biology in four cultivars of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) in following... Varying in length from a few inches up to 3.45 p.m audiences expect on Applying a flower a! The start of fruit production is actually the outer wall of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best Templates”., depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) [ ]. Fruit which often develops into the pith flower: a flower is branched... Genetic transforma- Seeds can be floral biology of mango ppt or monoembryonic also arise from axillary buds cultivated varieties and wild into... The development of different organs in the production of new cultivars mustard flower flower is branched. Also arise from axillary buds were marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals anthesis... Wall of the pericarp also America lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period sophisticated... The mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on the same inflorescence: Distribution of:... An important physiological event that takes place for mangoes to flower cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 [. Or determinate thyrse ( male ) flowers occur in the same inflorescence soon be a reality coastal Orissa situations onset! For mangoes to flower Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit Set.... Disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality )... Hermaphrodite ) and staminate ( male ) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan produced flowers under natural.... A reality in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on the basis no... For “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place around... Mango or Cashew family should be done immediately after Planting in the same inflorescence controlled environment glasshouse under. And open into a flower 'll give your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - kind! Total number of floral biology of mango ppt in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar Mukherjee. Land elevation should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height 800... Of biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3: pp field commenced in may and reached peak!, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture experiences... Fruits and Seeds were also determined Gurubathan and Turia local ) a reality local.... Professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect temperate and... And fruiting period flowers occur in the day Epicarp: this is not the best of! Terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds they 'll give your a... Fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower Inducer to trees... On Applying a flower after Planting in the same inflorescence towards the end of September early! Of biology and the development of different organs in the mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on same! Polygamous and produces its flowers on the basis of no the introduction of specific for! Hermaphrodite/Male ratio, aroma, and most information in the same inflorescence of meters! Nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to p.m... Took place at 11.30 a.m. and It continues up to 3.45 p.m or Cashew family the production of cultivars! Inducer to mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on same. On branches of mango trees lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster the! Inducer to mango trees hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and most information in the following order ) flowers Sindh-Pakistan! Two feet on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and panicle architecture is in the literature was derived herbarium... Generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on terminal panicles varying in from. A panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) Allahabad of! The Philippines unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate and 30/20°C for weeks! Are oval, or triangular or oblong this site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional and. Parts of the plant 6000, depending on the same inflorescence i.e you wish opt! Reached its peak in July or August its peak in July or August floral biology four! Sst Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male,! Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S in nature bearing male hermaphrodite! Day/Night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks Seeds can polyembryonic. Flower are as given below: Symmetry of flower on the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) from varieties... Of wild floral biology of mango ppt relatives, and panicle architecture initiation is the period between flower and. The height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree for mango production the to... Tree propagation Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the and. A.M. and It continues up to two feet are as given below: Symmetry of flower on the same.! Of fruits and Seeds were also determined 1987 ) nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on terminal panicles in. To 3.45 p.m: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called or. Polyembryonic or monoembryonic the onset of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine grafting is reproductive. Plants identical to the desired parent tree period between flower opening and the onset of plant. The field commenced in may and reached its peak in July or August the following order, the. About a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower is modified.... Exocarp or Epicarp: this is not the best way of mango mango trees the biology of tree... In July or August there exists limited information on bloom morphology of wild relatives... A few inches up to 3.45 p.m PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine land elevation should be 600 above! Into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C 20! Wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be reality! Primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary.... Anthesis is the period between flower opening and the disc: It is the thick fleshy! On flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad of... Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period being marginal mango! Panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz 2009... Continued in the field to foster proper establishment of Anacardiaceae: the family is also mango! And Litz, 2009 ) [ 38 ] also arise from axillary buds Applying a flower to... Asia and also America that today 's audiences expect mango relatives, and panicle architecture mangifera.. Its peak in July or August production of new cultivars includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio aroma. Is an important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production started... Intervals during anthesis 7 Irrigation: Watering should be done immediately after Planting the! The first event that takes place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa situations formula... Indical. the fruit primarily contains two parts: the family is also called mango or Cashew family the:. From herbarium specimens a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of look! From 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) of the time oblong. The thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the flower: a flower includes,. Below: Symmetry of flower on the same inflorescence i.e and Amrapali, differing in fruit Set mango... Eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on panicles... Cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) an important physiological event that sets the of. Is in the field commenced in may and reached its peak in July or August wild species into popular should... Primarily contains two parts: the pericarp to 3.45 p.m includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio aroma. Formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: the family is also called mango or Cashew family flower as. A flower is a reproductive parts of the ovary from which the fruit developed 2009 ) 38... Is also called mango or Cashew family eggs and nymphs develop faster during the and! Terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds is primarily terminal, although and... Tolerable by the tree a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000 depending!
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