The process starts when someone needs a piece of land examined to see whether sites are present. How do archaeologists find sites to explore? They do this by excavating the remains of past human societies. Archaeologists use some of the most cutting-edge techniques before they even get out their shovels. (2010 OL) Higher Level: 1. Archaeologists look for locations where it is most likely to find archaeological sites, which could contain … Archaeologists working in the southwestern United States use two methods to locate new sites: surveys and test trenching. This is a common question we are asked. Although these methods showed that burning had occurred, the evidence is simply too sparse to convince most archaeologists that humans — not wildfires or lightning — were responsible. Invented by preeminent archaeologist Sir William Flinders-Petrie in the late nineteenth century, seriation, another form of relative dating, is based on the idea that over time artifacts such as gravestones and ceramics undergo changes in style, characteristics and use. Another promising site is a South African cave called Swartkrans, where archaeologists in the ’80s found burned bones in a section dating between 1 million and 1.5 million years ago. Some artifacts from ancient times have been found by accident, by builders and farmers. Archaeology plays a very significant role in anthropology because archaeology is defined as being the study of human history and prehistory via the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains. Stratigraphy is based on the law of superposition--like a layer cake, the lowest layers must have been formed first. Most archaeological sites rely very heavily on the tools and techniques of reconnaissance, survey, and excavation. Archaeology and anthropology are the study of historic human remains and the objects, buildings and other artefacts associated with them. What methods did the REC archaeologists use to study the seafloor? How do archaeologists find sites? Name one thing archaeologists have to be careful about when working on a dig. I will briefly describe what each of those methods entail, to give you a better idea of how archaeologists locate sites. DigVentures is a social business that specialises in crowdfunding, crowdsourcing and digital methods to increase public participation in archaeological research. Name two of ways archaeologists look for sites. In recent years, archaeologists have begun to use new methods to find archaeological sites that had previously been overlooked. There are several ways an archaeologist knows where to dig, with new methods of finding sites being developed almost every day. Dating refers to the archaeological tool to date artefacts and sites, and to properly construct history. The present paper attempted to detect the all possible methods used in archaeology and also tries to pick up modern tool which is to some extent less destructive to the archaeological sites in modern time. Surveying is done through the use of evidence, sampling, GPS, transects, and other techniques, to determine where archaeological research should be done. Originally developed for climate science, the method is now an invaluable tool for archaeologists, who can track up to 13,000 years of history using tree ring chronologies for over 4,000 sites … Seriation or Artifact Sequencing. What tools do archaeologists use for excavation? 2. All methods can be classified into two basic categories: a) Relative dating methods : Based on a discipline of geology called stratigraphy, rock layers are used to decipher the sequence of historical geological events. Shovel tests, monitoring backhoes, satellites/maps, metal detecting, scuba diving 4. If you were an archaeologist, how would you decide where to dig? Unless the evidence is crystal clear – like those broken pots – such surveys usually need a trained eye to read the clues. In the early days, archaeology was pretty easy. Archaeologists still use picks, shovels, and screens to sift through soil and rubble to find tiny artifacts, and a light touch with a brush is still needed on delicate bones and other finds. After an organism dies, the amount of carbon-14 decreases at a certain rate. Archaeologists also use non-invasive techniques to survey sites known as remote sensing. While most academic archaeologists dismiss psychic research methods for locating ancient objects and sites, others use them with great success, pinpointing exact locations for excavation. Community Archaeology. In reality, archaeologists use a wide variety of other techniques to investigate both individual sites and whole landscapes. Artifacts such as cups and bowls used for eating, tools employed in everyday activities, and the dwellings they lived in all provide clues for the archaeologist to analyze. The term Archaeology is used to describe the discovery and research of societies and individuals. There are many methods, which archaeologists use to collect data, including desk-based research, geotechnical survey and geophysical survey. These techniques, broadly referred to as remote sensing, allow us to peer through dense forests without clearing them, digitally removing jungle growth and centuries of soil to reveal long-lost structures hidden beneath. Features dug into the natural subsoil are normally excavated in portions in order to produce a visible archaeological section for recording. 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